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Crowned Republics Compared. 

  • Of the seven oldest continuing democracies, five are crowned republics (otherwise known as constitutional monarchies), in contrast to politicians’ republics.
  • (In a politicians’ republic, either the politicians choose or play a significant role in choosing the president, or the president is an elected politician.)
  • Four of those five crowned republics have Queen Elizabeth II as their Sovereign: Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United kingdom; Sweden is the fifth.
  • These five have proved more stable than the two politicians’ republics, Switzerland and the USA, which both experienced  civil wars in the nineteenth century.
  • The countries which fought the Axis in the Second World War - from the beginning to the very end - were all crowned republics.
  • And they all shared the same Sovereign, The King –Emperor, George V, the father of Queen Elizabeth II.
  • Crowned republics do not suffer from the rigidity of the American model, which becomes evident when there is a move to impeach the President, which can paralyse the government for months.
  • Crowned republics tend to be less expensive than politicians’ republics in finding and funding their Head of State.
  • And as the Head of State in a crowned republic is above politics, he or she does not divide the country into supporters and opponents.
  • The Westminster model for a crowned republic has been successfully adopted in several other countries.
  • The Swiss model has never been adopted, although its referendum was chosen by Australia in relation to the approval of and any change to its constitution.
  • The US model has been adopted by other countries, but  it has never been successful for long , even when it was adopted in France (1848-1852)
  • Crowned republics make up only about 15% of the countries of the world.
  • Although few in number, crowned republics are among the world’s most democratic countries, as evidenced in various reports, e.g., the Democracy Index from The Economist, Freedom House, etc.
  • Crowned republics are also among the most desirable and best governed countries to live in.
  • The evidence may be found in the United Nations Human Development Index, which has reported on human well being for over two decades.

The HDI measures well being through three major dimensions:

  • life expectancy at birth, as an index of population health and longevity,
  • knowledge and education, as measured by the adult literacy rate  and the combined primary, secondary, and tertiary gross enrolment ratio, and 
  • standard of living, as measured by  gross domestic product (GDP) per capita at purchasing power parity (PPP) 
  • Crowned republics, although small in number, are to be found constantly among the leaders in the Human Development Index. 
  • Since 1980 the top country has nearly always been a crowned republic.

There are many reasons to remain a crowned republic. 

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