Australia's Prime Ministers


This series profiles Australia's leaders, featuring career highlights and giving insights into the different eras in which they lead the nation. Stages 3-4 HSIE, English.

Edmund Barton

Australia’s 1st Prime Minister

1 January 1901 to 24 September 1903
Sir Edmund "Toby" Barton GCMG KC was an Australian statesman, barrister and jurist who served as the first prime minister of Australia from 1901 to 1903. Wikipedia
Born: 18 January 1849, Glebe
Died: 7 January 1920 (age 70 years), The Hydro Majestic Hotel Blue Mountains, Medlow Bath
Party: Protectionist Party
Children: Edmund Alfred Barton, Wilfrid Alexander Barton,
Siblings: George Burnett Barton, Ellen Barton, Alice Barton,
Previous offices: Member of the Australian House of Representatives (1901–1903)
Spouse: Jane Barton (m. 1877–1920)

ABC iView episode features Edmund Barton
National Museum of Australia - Edmund Barton

Alfred Deakin

Australia’s Prime Minister three times
24 September 1903 to 27 April 1904, 5 July 1905 to 13 November 1908, 2 June 1909 to 29 April 1910
Alfred Deakin was an Australian politician, statesman and barrister who served as the second prime minister of Australia from 1903 to 1904, 1905 to 1908 and 1909 to 1910. He held office as the leader of the Protectionist Party, and in his final term as that of the Liberal Party. Wikipedia
Born: 3 August 1856, Fitzroy
Died: 7 October 1919 (age 63 years), South Yarra
Party: Protectionist Party
Children: Vera Deakin White, Ivy Brookes, Stella Deakin
Parents: William Deakin, Sarah Bill
Siblings: Catherine Deakin, Catherine Sarah Deakin
Education: The University of Melbourne (1877), Melbourne Grammar School, Melbourne Law School.

ABC iView episode features Alfred Deakin
National Museum of Australia - Alfred Deakin

John Christian Watson

Australia’s 3rd Prime Minister

27 April 1904 to 17 August 1904
John Christian Watson was an Australian politician who served as the third prime minister of Australia from 27 April to 18 August 1904. He was the inaugural federal leader of the Australian Labor Party from 1901 to 1907 and was the first member of the party to serve as prime minister. Wikipedia
Born: 9 April 1867, Valparaíso, Chile
Died: 18 November 1941 (age 74 years), Double Bay
Party: Nationalist Party
Spouse: Ada Watson (m. 1889–1921)
Previous offices: Member of the Australian House of Representatives (1906–1910), MORE
Education: Weston School
Place of burial: Northern Suburbs Memorial Gardens and Crematorium, North Ryde.

ABC iView episode features John Watson
National Museum of Australia - John Watson

George Reid

Australia’s 4th Prime Minister
18 August 1904 to 5 July 1905
Sir George Houston Reid GCB GCMG PC KC was an Australian politician, diplomat and barrister who served as the fourth prime minister of Australia, from 1904 to 1905, holding office as the leader of the Free Trade Party. Wikipedia
Born: 25 February 1845, Johnstone, United Kingdom
Died: 12 September 1918 (age 73 years), London, United Kingdom
Children: Thelma Reid, Douglas Reid, Clive Reid
Education: Scotch College (1854–1858)
Siblings: Hugh Reid, Mark Reid, Mary Eliza Syme, Marion Reid Ewen
Spouse: Flora Reid (m. 1891–1918)
Organizations founded: Free Trade Party, Liberal Party.

ABC iView episode features George Reid
National Museum of Australia - George Reid

Andrew Fisher

Australia’s Prime Minister three times

13 November 1908 to 2 June 1909, 29 April 1910 to 24 June 1913, 17 September 1914 to 27 October 1915
Andrew Fisher was an Australian politician and trade unionist who served as the fifth prime minister of Australia from 1908 to 1909, 1910 to 1913 and 1914 to 1915. Wikipedia
Born: 29 August 1862, Crosshouse, United Kingdom
Died: 22 October 1928 (age 66 years), Hampstead, London, United Kingdom
Children: John Fisher, Margaret Fisher, James Fisher, Robert Fisher, Andrew Fisher, Henry Fisher
Spouse: Margaret Fisher (m. 1901–1928)
Previous offices: Australian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom (1916–1921), MORE
Organization founded: Commonwealth Bank
Nationality: Australian.

ABC iView episode features Andrew Fisher
National Museum of Australia - Andrew Fisher
Under Constuction

Crowned Republic

A Crowned Republic is a form of government that features a monarch who serves as a symbolic, ceremonial leader with limited authority over matters related to the executive branch and constitutional issues. This type of system is exemplified by countries like Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United Kingdom, which are officially classified as constitutional monarchies. Additionally, the term can be applied to historical republics where the head of state held the title of "doge," such as those found in Venice, Genoa, and the Republic of San Marino. In these cases, the monarch's role was largely symbolic, with actual governance being carried out by elected officials or other government bodies. Overall, a crowned republic is a unique blend of monarchical and republican features in which the monarch's role is largely symbolic but still serves an important ceremonial function.
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